On the time of penning this blogpost, the worth of bitcoin (US$38,114.80) has decreased about 44 p.c from its all-time excessive about 4 months in the past. For cryptocurrency buyers, this may be a time both to panic and withdraw their funds, or for newcomers to leap at this opportunity and purchase cryptocurrency for a cheaper price. For those who belong to certainly one of these teams, it is best to decide rigorously which cell app to make use of for managing your funds.
Beginning in Might 2021, our analysis uncovered dozens of trojanized cryptocurrency pockets apps. We discovered trojanized Android and iOS apps distributed by means of web sites mimicking respectable companies . These malicious apps had been in a position to steal victims’ secret seed phrases by impersonating Coinbase, imToken, MetaMask, Belief Pockets, Bitpie, TokenPocket, or OneKey.
It is a refined assault vector for the reason that malware’s writer carried out an in-depth evaluation of the respectable functions misused on this scheme, enabling the insertion of their very own malicious code into locations the place it will be onerous to detect whereas additionally ensuring that such crafted apps had the identical performance because the originals. At this level, we consider that that is the work of 1 particular person attacker or, extra doubtless, one legal group.
The primary aim of those malicious apps is to steal customers’ funds and till now now we have seen this scheme primarily focusing on Chinese language customers. As cryptocurrencies are gaining recognition, we anticipate these strategies to unfold into different markets. That is additional supported by the general public sharing, in November 2021, of the supply code of the front-end and back-end distribution web site, together with the recompiled APK and IPA information. We discovered this code on no less than 5 web sites, the place it was shared totally free, and thus anticipate to see extra copycat attackers. From the posts we discovered, it’s tough to find out whether or not it was shared deliberately or if it leaked.
These malicious apps additionally symbolize one other menace to victims, as a few of them ship secret sufferer seed phrases to the attackers’ server utilizing an unsecured HTTP connection. Which means that victims’ funds might be stolen not solely by the operator of this scheme, but in addition by a unique attacker eavesdropping on the identical community. In addition to this cryptocurrency pockets scheme, we additionally found 13 malicious apps impersonating the Jaxx Liberty pockets. These apps had been accessible on the Google Play retailer, which is proactively protected by the App Protection Alliance, of which ESET is likely one of the scanning companions, previous to apps being listed.
ESET Analysis recognized over 40 copycat web sites of standard cryptocurrency wallets. These web sites goal solely cell customers and provide them the obtain of malicious pockets apps.
We had been in a position to hint the distribution vector of those trojanized cryptocurrency wallets again to Might 2021 based mostly on the area registration that was offered for these malicious apps within the wild, in addition to the creation of a number of Telegram teams that began to seek for affiliate companions.
On Telegram, a free and standard multiplatform messaging app with enhanced privateness and encryption options, we discovered dozens of such teams selling malicious copies of cryptocurrency cell wallets. We assume these teams had been created by the menace actor behind this scheme searching for additional distribution companions, suggesting choices corresponding to telemarketing, social media, commercial, SMS, third-party channels, pretend web sites and so forth. All these teams had been speaking in Chinese language. Primarily based on the knowledge acquired from these teams, an individual distributing this malware is obtainable a 50 p.c fee on the stolen contents of the pockets.
Admins of those Telegram teams posted step-by-step video demonstrations of how these pretend wallets work and the right way to entry them as soon as victims enter their seed phrases, that are a group of phrases that can be utilized to entry one’s cryptocurrency pockets. As an instance how profitable this malicious scheme is, admins additionally included screenshots from admin panels and images of a number of cryptocurrency wallets that they declare belong to them. Nonetheless, it’s not doable to confirm whether or not the funds proven in these video demonstrations originate from such unlawful actions or are simply bait from recruiters.
Shortly after, beginning in October 2021, we discovered that these Telegram teams had been shared and promoted in no less than 56 Fb teams, with the identical aim – to seek for extra distribution companions.
In November 2021, we noticed the distribution of malicious wallets, utilizing two respectable web sites, focusing on customers in China (yanggan[.]internet, 80rd[.]com). On these web sites, within the class “Funding and monetary administration”, we found as much as six articles selling cell cryptocurrency wallets utilizing copycat web sites, main customers to obtain malicious cell functions claiming to be respectable and dependable. These posts abuse the names of respectable cryptocurrency wallets corresponding to imToken, Bitpie, MetaMask, TokenPocket, OneKey, and Belief Pockets.
All posts contained a view counter with publicly accessible statistics. On the time of our analysis, all of those posts collectively had over 1840 views; nevertheless, it doesn’t imply these articles had been visited that many instances.
On December 10th, 2021, the menace actor posted an article on a respectable Chinese language web site within the Blockchain Information class, informing about Beijing’s newest cryptocurrency ban. This ban on cryptocurrency exchanges suspended new registrations of customers in mainland China. The writer of this publish additionally put collectively a listing of cryptocurrency wallets (not exchanges) to bypass the present ban. The record recommends utilizing 5 wallets – imToken, Bitpie, MetaMask, TokenPocket, and OneKey. The issue is that the instructed web sites are usually not the official websites for the wallets, however quite web sites mimicking the respectable companies.
On high of that, the primary web page of this web site additionally accommodates an commercial for the aforementioned pretend wallets.
In addition to these distribution vectors, we found dozens of different counterfeit pockets web sites which can be focusing on cell customers solely. Visiting one of many web sites would possibly lead a possible sufferer to obtain a trojanized pockets app for Android or the iOS platform. The websites themselves weren’t phishing for restoration seeds or cryptocurrency alternate credentials and so they didn’t goal desktop customers or their browsers with the choice to obtain a malicious extension.
Determine 10 reveals the timeline of those occasions.
Variations in conduct on iOS and Android
The malicious app behaves in a different way relying on the working system it was put in on.
On Android, it seems to focus on new cryptocurrency customers who don’t but have a respectable pockets utility put in on their units. Trojanized wallets have the identical package deal identify as respectable functions; nevertheless, they’re signed utilizing a unique certificates. Which means that if the official pockets is already put in on an Android smartphone, the malicious app can’t overwrite it as a result of the important thing used to signal the counterfeit app is totally different from the respectable utility. That’s the usual safety mannequin of Android apps, the place non-genuine variations of an app can’t substitute the unique.
Nonetheless, on iOS, the sufferer can have each variations put in – the respectable one from the App Retailer and the malicious one from an internet site – as a result of they don’t share the identical bundle ID.
For Android units, websites offered the choice to instantly obtain the malicious app from their servers even when the consumer clicked on the button “Get it on Google Play”. As soon as downloaded, the app must be manually put in by the consumer.
Relating to iOS, these malicious apps are usually not accessible on the App Retailer; they have to be downloaded and put in utilizing configuration profiles, which add an arbitrary trusted code-signing certificates. Utilizing these profiles, it’s doable to obtain functions that aren’t verified by Apple and from sources exterior the App Retailer. Apple launched configuration profiles in iOS 4 and meant them for use in company and academic settings to permit community or system directors to put in sitewide, customized apps with out having to add them to, and have them verified by means of, the same old App Retailer procedures. Unsurprisingly, social engineering victims into putting in configuration profiles to allow the following set up of malware is now being utilized by cybercriminals. Functions enabled by way of configuration profiles have to be put in manually.
For each platforms, downloaded apps behave like absolutely working wallets – victims can not see any distinction. That is doable as a result of the attackers took the respectable pockets apps and repackaged them with extra malicious code.
Repackaging of those respectable pockets apps wanted to be achieved manually, with out the usage of any automated instruments. Due to that, it required the attackers to carry out an in-depth evaluation of the pockets apps for each platforms first, after which discover the precise locations within the code the place the seed phrase is both generated or imported by the consumer. In these locations, the attackers inserted malicious code that’s accountable for acquiring the seed phrase and its extraction to the attackers’ server.
For many who are usually not conscious of the seed or restoration phrase, when a cryptocurrency pockets is created, this phrase is generated as a listing of phrases that permit the pockets’s proprietor to entry the pockets’s funds.
If the attackers have a seed phrase, they will manipulate the content material of the pockets as if it had been their very own.
Among the malicious apps ship secret sufferer seed phrases to the attackers’ server utilizing the unsecured HTTP protocol, with none extra encryption in place. Due to that, different dangerous actors on the identical community may snoop on the community communication and steal victims’ seed or restoration phrases to entry their funds. This assault state of affairs is named an adversary-in-the-middle assault.
We have now seen numerous forms of malicious code carried out within the trojanized pockets functions we’ve analyzed.
Malicious code was patched right into a binary file (courses.dex) of a malicious Android pockets. A brand new class was inserted, together with the calls to its strategies that had been present in particular locations of the pockets code the place it processes the seed phrase. This class was accountable for sending the seed phrase to the attackers’ server. Server names had been all the time hardcoded, so the malicious app couldn’t replace them within the occasion that the servers had been taken down.
In an iOS app, the menace actor injected a malicious dynamic library (dylib) right into a respectable IPA file. This may be achieved both manually or by binding it mechanically utilizing numerous patching instruments. Such a library is then a part of the app and executed throughout runtime. Within the display under you possibly can see the elements of dynamic libraries present in each respectable and patched IPA information.
The picture above reveals that the dynamic library libDevBitpieProDylib.dylib accommodates malicious code accountable for extracting the sufferer’s seed phrase.
We discovered the code from the dynamic library that extracts the seed phrase, as seen under.
Within the picture under we examine the unique and the malicious model of a script discovered within the index.android.bundle file. Primarily based on that, we will see the attackers modified the script in a number of particular locations by inserting their very own routines accountable for stealing seed phrases. Such a patched script was present in each the Android and iOS variations of those apps.
The movies under reveal the compromise and secret seed phrase exfiltration from the sufferer’s gadget.
Determine 22. The compromise and secret seed phrase exfiltration from the sufferer’s gadget (Android)
Determine 23. The compromise and secret seed phrase exfiltration from the sufferer’s gadget (iOS)
Leaked supply code
ESET Analysis found that the supply code of the front-end and back-end, along with recompiled and patched cell apps included in these malicious pockets schemes, was publicly shared on no less than 5 Chinese language web sites and in a number of Telegram teams in November 2021.
Proper now, it seems that the menace actors behind this scheme are most certainly positioned in China. Nonetheless, for the reason that code is already shared publicly totally free, it’d appeal to different attackers – even exterior of China – and goal a wider spectrum of cryptocurrency wallets utilizing an improved scheme.
Faux pockets apps found in Google Play retailer
Primarily based on our request as a Google App Defense Alliance partner, in January 2022, Google eliminated 13 malicious functions discovered on the Google Play retailer that impersonated the respectable Jaxx Liberty Wallet app; they had been put in greater than 1,100 instances. One of many apps on this record used a pretend web site mimicking Jaxx Liberty as a distribution vector. Because the menace actor behind this malicious app managed to put it within the official Google Play retailer, the pretend web site redirected the consumer to obtain its cell model from the Google Play retailer and didn’t have to make use of a third-party app retailer as an middleman. This must be a profitable trick to persuade a possible sufferer that the app is respectable because it’s accessible for obtain from the official app retailer.
A few of these apps make the most of homoglyphs, a way extra generally utilized in phishing assaults: they substitute characters of their names with look-alikes from the Unicode character set. That is most certainly to bypass app identify filters for standard apps created by reliable builders.
Compared to the trojanized pockets apps described above, these apps had been with none respectable performance – their aim was merely to tease out the consumer’s restoration seed phrase and ship it both to the attackers’ server or to a secret Telegram chat group.
Prevention and uninstallation
ESET researchers steadily advise customers to obtain and set up apps solely from official sources, such because the Google Play retailer or Apple’s App Retailer. A dependable cell safety resolution ought to have the ability to detect this menace on an Android gadget – as an illustration, ESET merchandise detect this menace as Android/FakeWallet. Within the Google Play retailer case, ESET takes its dedication to defending the cell ecosystem additional, partnering with different safety distributors and Google within the App Protection Alliance to help within the vetting of apps submitted for itemizing on Google Play.
On an iOS gadget, the character of the working system – when not jailbroken – permits an app to speak with different apps solely in very restricted methods. That’s the reason for iOS, no safety options are provided, as they might solely have the ability to scan themselves. Subsequently, downloading apps solely from the official App Retailer, being particularly cautious about accepting configuration profiles, and avoiding a jailbreak on this platform are essentially the most advisable prevention suggestions.
If any of those apps are already put in in your gadget, the elimination course of differs based mostly on the cell platform. On Android, whatever the supply from which you downloaded the malicious app – official or unofficial – if there are doubts in regards to the legitimacy of the supply, we advise uninstalling the app. Not one of the malware described on this blogpost leaves any backdoors or leftovers on the gadget after elimination.
On iOS, after uninstalling the malicious app, it is usually essential to take away its configuration profile by going to Settings → Basic → VPN & Machine Administration. Below the CONFIGURATION PROFILE it is possible for you to to discover a identify of the profile that must be eliminated.
For those who both already created a brand new, or restored an outdated, pockets utilizing such a malicious utility, we advise instantly making a brand-new pockets with a trusted gadget and utility and transferring all funds to it. That is essential because the attackers have already obtained the seed phrase and would possibly switch accessible funds at any time. Contemplating that the attackers know the historical past of all of the sufferer’s transactions, the attackers may not steal the funds instantly and would possibly quite watch for a greater alternative after extra cash are deposited.
ESET Analysis was in a position to uncover and backtrack a classy malicious cryptocurrency scheme that targets cell units utilizing Android or iOS working techniques. It has been distributed by means of pretend web sites, mimicking respectable pockets companies corresponding to Metamask, Coinbase, Belief Pockets, TokenPocket, Bitpie, imToken, and OneKey. These pretend web sites are promoted with adverts positioned on respectable websites utilizing deceptive articles, for instance in “Funding and monetary administration” sections.
Sooner or later, we’d anticipate an enlargement of this menace, since menace actors are recruiting intermediaries by means of Telegram teams and Fb to additional distribute this malicious scheme, providing them a share of the cryptocurrency stolen from the wallets.
Furthermore, it appears that evidently the supply code of this menace has been leaked and shared on a number of Chinese language web sites, which could appeal to numerous menace actors and unfold this menace even additional.
The aim of those pretend websites is to make customers obtain and set up malicious cell pockets functions. These pockets apps are trojanized copies of respectable ones – that’s the reason they work as actual wallets on a sufferer’s gadget – nevertheless, they’re patched with a number of traces of malicious code that’s accountable for stealing the sufferer’s secret seed phrase.
This refined assault required the attackers to carry out an in-depth evaluation of every pockets utility first, to determine the precise locations within the unique code to inject their malicious code, after which to advertise them and make them accessible for obtain by means of pretend web sites.
We wish to enchantment to the cryptocurrency neighborhood, primarily newcomers, to remain vigilant and use solely official cell wallets and alternate apps, downloaded from official app shops which can be explicitly linked to the official web sites of such companies, and to remind iOS gadget customers of the hazards of accepting configuration profiles from something however essentially the most reliable of sources.
ESET Analysis now additionally gives personal APT intelligence reviews and knowledge feeds. For any inquiries about this service, go to the ESET Menace Intelligence web page.
|First seen||MD5||SHA-1||SHA-256||Package deal identify||Description||C&C||ESET detection identify|
|2021‑12‑19||1AA2F6795BF8723958313BAD7A2657B4||B719403DC3743D91380682EAC290C3C67A738192||5DA813FEC32E937E5F2AE82C57842FDED71F0671E1D8E6FD50FF8521D183F809||com.pockets.crypto.trustapp||Trojanized model of Belief Pockets Android utility.||two.shayu[.]la||Android/FakeWallet.B|
|2022‑01‑19||E7CEBF27E8D4F546DA9491DA78C5D4B4||BC47D84B8E47D6EAF501F2F0642A7C4E26EC88B6||A4D875C13B46BC744D18BB6668F17EA67BFF85B26CF0D46100736BD62DB649AE||com.pockets.crypto.trustapp||Trojanized model of Belief Pockets Android utility.||725378[.]com||Android/FakeWallet.D|
|2022‑02‑05||22689A6DA0FC86AD75BF62F3B172478D||CDB96862A68A1C01EA5364CB03760AE59C2B0A74||127E4DA1614E42B541338C0FAACD7C656655C9C0228F7D00EC9E13507FA0F9E9||com.bitpie||Trojanized model of Bitpie Android utility.||bp.tkdt[.]cc||Android/FakeWallet.AB|
|2022‑02‑07||4729D57DF40585428ADCE26A478C1C3A||E9B7D8F93B4C04B5DC3D1216482035C242F98F24||0B60C44749B43147D40547B438B8CCB50717B319EF20D938AB59F0079D1BA57C||cce4492155695349d80ad508d33e33ae93772fba39e50c520f3f6deaf43c8e2780b40762eosIM0.ipa||Trojanized model of Bitpie iOS utility.||jdzpfw[.]com||iOS/FakeWallet.A|
|2022‑02‑04||6D0C9DDD18538494EB9CA7B4BC78BDB0||3772A8ACD9EB01D2DC8124C9CDA4E8F4219AE9F3||9017EF4A85AC85373D0F718F05F4A5C441F17AE1FD9A7BFD18521E560E6AB39E||com.bixin.pockets.mainnet||Trojanized model of OneKey Android utility.||okay.tkdt[.]cc||Android/FakeWallet.AA|
|2022-01-20||140DB26EB6631B240B3443FDB49D4878||869155A5CB6D773243B16CCAF30CEC5C697AC939||8ADCD1C8313C421D36EB6C4DF948D9C40578A145764E545F5AC536DC95ED2069||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||725378[.]com||Android/FakeWallet.F|
|2022-01-20||A2AFDED28CB68CADF30386FC15A26AFA||5B0363F1CB0DB00B7449ABE0B1E5E455A6A69070||FD88D8E01DB36E5BE354456F1FB9560CE9A3328EEFBF77D5560F3BDDA1856C80||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||xdhbj[.]com||Android/FakeWallet.E|
|2022-01-21||383DB92495705C0B25E56785CF17AAC9||CF742505000CCE89AB6AFCAEC7AB407F7A9DFB98||0ED22309BF79221B5C099285C4CDE8BAB43BA088890A14707CC68BC7A8BA15AE||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||api.metamasks[.]me||Android/FakeWallet.H|
|2022-01-21||B366FCF5CA01A9C51806A7E688F1FFBE||399C85CCC752B1D8285B9F949AC1F4483921DE64||49937230ABB29118BDA0F24EBEFD9F887857814C9B4DC064AED52A9A3C278D53||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||replace.xzxqsf[.]com||Android/FakeWallet.I|
|2022-01-19||B6E8F936D72755A812F7412E76F6968E||E525248D78D931AF92E2F5376F1979A029FA4157||0056027FBC4643D24282B35F53E03AC1E4C090AA22F2F88B1D8CBD590C51F399||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||metamask.tptokenm[.]dwell||Android/FakeWallet.G|
|2022‑02‑01||54053B4CCACAA36C570A4ED500A8C4A2||99144787792303F747F7EF14B80860878A204497||553209AEEA2515F4A7D76CE0111DD240AEAD97FAC149ACC3D161C36B89B729D8||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||imtokenss.token-app[.]cc||Android/FakeWallet.P|
|2022‑02‑04||15BDC469C943CF563F857DE4DCA7FCC5||664F1E208DA29E50DF795144CB3F80C9582B33E3||CD896A7816768A770305F3C2C07BCC81ABDF1F18B9F3C2B48B4494704A3B61B7||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||jdzpfw[.]com||Android/FakeWallet.W|
|2021-12-11||A202D183B45D3AB10221BCB40A3D3EC2||15D11E0AB0A416DB96C0713764D092CB245B8D17||E95BF884F1AE27C030C56E95969C00200B22531DC2C794975D668F1DD0AEEDDD||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||mm.tkdt[.]cc||Android/FakeWallet.X|
|2022‑02‑04||CC6E37F6C5AF1FF5193828DDC8F43DF0||452E2E3A77E1D8263D853C69440187E052EE3F0A||A58B9C7763727C81D40F2B42CCCA0D34750CDF84FC20985699A6E28A4A85094F||io.metamask||Trojanized model of MetaMask Android utility.||admin.metamaskio[.]vip||Android/FakeWallet.Z|
|2022‑02‑07||68A68EFED8B70952A83AA5922EA334BD||4450F4ED0A5CF9D4F1CA6C98FC519891EF9D764F||3F82BA5AB3C3E9B9DDEAA7C33C670CE806A5E72D409C813FF7328434E2054E6D||6vugkf43gx.ipa||Trojanized model of MetaMask iOS utility.||admin.metamaskio[.]vip||iOS/FakeWallet.A|
|2022‑02‑07||1EE43A8046FA9D68C78619E25CD37249||2B741593B58E64896004461733B7E86D98EB7B7D||EB5EB7E345E4C48F86FB18ABC0883D61E956A24D5A9A4B488C2FDD91F789033A||00835616-3548-4fa4-8aee-828585de7680.ipa||Trojanized model of MetaMask iOS utility.||725378[.]com||iOS/FakeWallet.A|
|2022-02-01||9BFEE43D55DFD5A30861035DEED9F4B0||4165E9CDFC10FA118371CB77FE4AD4142C181B23||E1BF431DC0EBB670B743012638669A7CE3D42CE34F8F676B1512601CD8A6DBF0||im.token.app||Trojanized model of imToken Android utility.||admin.token2[.]membership||Android/FakeWallet.L|
|2022-02-01||D265C7894EDB20034E6E17B4FFE3EC5D||78644E1256D331957AA3BF0AC5A3D4D4F655C8EA||15C1532960AE3CAA8408C160755944BD3ABC12E8903D4D5130A364EF2274D758||im.token.app||Trojanized model of imToken Android utility.||replace.imdt[.]cc||Android/FakeWallet.M|
|2022-02-01||14AA1747C28FFC5CDB2D3D1F36587DF9||0DFD29CD560E0ACB6FCAF2407C504FEB95E3FC19||CB9757B7D76B9837CFC153A1BA9D1AC821D2DBDB09ED877082B0D041C22D66E9||im.token.app||Trojanized model of imToken Android utility.||imbbq[.]co||Android/FakeWallet.O|
|2022-01-05||3E008726C416963D0C5C78A1E71EBA65||16A0C8C24EF64F657696E176700A83B76FDA39C7||3069A2EED380D98AAE822A9B792927B498234C37E6813193B5881922992BAFEE||im.token.app||Trojanized model of imToken Android utility.||ds-super-admin.imtokens[.]cash||Android/FakeWallet.Q|
|2022-02-01||CA3231E905C5308DE84D953377BB22C2||9D79392B1027C6E2AAD3B86C2E60141B8DF0879E||1D7D0D75319BFFF0C2E2E268F0054CAABD9F79783608292C2A6C61FABE079960||im.token.app||Trojanized model of imToken Android utility.||appapi.imtoken[.]porn||Android/FakeWallet.S|
|2021-12-13||C3B644531FC9640F45B22C76157350B6||AE22B21038787003E9B70BC162CCA12D5767EEBF||8E63CE669A7865B867C2D33CBCB69677E3CE51C3FBAB131171C8017E41F4EC5A||im.token.app||Trojanized model of imToken Android utility.||bh.imtoken[.]sx||Android/FakeWallet.AI|
|2022‑02‑09||A62B00BF3F37EABB32D38AB4F999AB42||CA6DAF6645B2832AA5B0CC0FEAB41A848F7803D3||A6E6A4C80906D60CBEA4643AC97235B308F5EF35C5AB54B38BF63280F6A127D4||im.token.app||Trojanized model of imToken Android utility.||ht.imtoken.cn[.]com||Android/FakeWallet.AJ|
|2022-01-18||90B4C4CE9A0019ACB0EEDBA6392E8319||4A4C98D6E758536A20442A2FA9D81220FB73B56B||731F1952142CFFE3DBDD6CCD5221AEC6EC91679308F0A9D46B812B62EC861AEF||org.toshi||Trojanized model of Coinbase Pockets Android utility.||180.215.126[.]33:51148||Android/FakeWallet.C|
|2022-01-31||E27A4039D0A0FFD0C34E82B090EFE2BD||4C8DE212E49386E701DB212564389241CE4A7E5A||4736ECA0030C86D1AFA2C01558ED31151C3A72BA24D9ED278341AB3DF71467E5||org.toshi||Trojanized model of Coinbase Pockets Android utility.||token-lon[.]me||Android/Spy.Agent.BYH|
|2022‑02‑07||6EFEF97F0633B3179C7DFC2D81FE67FB||0E419606D6174C36E53601DA5A10A7DBB3954A70||A092C7DD0E9DEF1C87FB8819CB91B4ECE26B140E60E5AD637768113733541C2B||cce4492155695349d80ad508d33e33ae93772fba_3858264b86e27f12.ipa||Trojanized model of Token Pocket iOS utility.||jdzpfw[.]com||iOS/FakeWallet.A|
|2022-01-19||149B8AADD097171CC85F45F4D913F194||51F038BC7CBB0D74459650B947927D916F598389||A427759DE6FE25E1B8894994A226C4517BB5C97CF893EC4B50CBD7A340F34152||com.cjaxx.libertywallet.alternate||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||ariodjs[.]xyz||Android/FakeApp.OC|
|2022-01-12||3ED898EA1F47F67A80A7DD5CF0052417||022D9FBC989CA022FA48DF7A29F3778AFD009FFD||BD626C5BD36E9206C48D0118B76D7F6F002FFCF2CF5F1B672D6D626EE09836BD||com.jaxx_liberty.walletapp||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets corrupted pattern.||Not included||Android/FakeApp.NT|
|2022-01-19||D7B1263F7DA2FDA0FB81FBDAC511454C||F938CEC631C8747AAE942546BB944905A35B5D7B||206123F2D992CD236E6DB1413BCFE4CE9D74721D509A0512CF70D62D466B690D||com.jaxx_libertyfy_12.jaxxwalletpro||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||spspring.herokuapp[.]com||Android/FakeApp.NT|
|2022-01-12||C3CBA07BEAF3F5326668A8E26D617E86||85ED0E51344E3435B3434B935D4FFCADAF06C631||1FE95756455FDDE54794C1DDDFB39968F1C9360E44BF6B8CE9CEF9A6BEDA4EE1||com.jaxxwebliberty.webviewapp||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||jaxx[.]tf||Android/FakeApp.NV|
|2022-01-19||8F2B2272C06C4FE5D7962C7812E1AEA7||9D279FCA4747559435CCA2A680DB29E8BAC1C1F5||039544846724670DAE731389EB6E799E17B085DDD6D4670536803C5C3CEB7496||com.MBM.jaxxw||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||master-consultas[.]com/jaxliberty/||Android/FakeApp.OB|
|2022-01-19||99B4FF9C036EE771B62940AB8A987747||CE0380103B9890FD6B6F19C34D156B68E875F00C||8C8F65A70677C675EE2AF2C70DD439410DE3C3D0736FFC20D1AB7F1DA3F47956||com.VRA.jaxx||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||master-consultas[.]com/jaxliberty/||Android/FakeApp.NZ|
|2022-01-12||9D9D85400771684BE53012B828832F31||45DA3F337ABA9454323DF9B1F765E7F8439BFFD8||58106983A575DF14291AC501221E5F7CCD6CE2239CBFEC089A7596EEBE3DFA9C||crp.jaxwalet.com||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||Telegram chat_id: 959983483||Android/FakeApp.NS|
|2022-01-19||271550A137B28DB5AF457E3E48F2AAB0||5605426A09E0DD285C86DB0DE335E7942A765C8E||F87CC7B548A3AD8D694E963013D2D0370FE6D37FC2024FBE624844489B4C428D||io.jaxxc.ertyx||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||czbsugjk[.]xyz||Android/FakeApp.OE|
|2022-01-19||28DB921C6CFD4EAD93DF810B7F514AEE||3B6E2966D3EF676B453C3A5279FFF927FA385185||19F0F9BF72C071959395633A2C0C6EB54E31B6C4521311C333FA292D9E0B0F1D||io.jaxxc.ertyxcc||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||czbsugjk[.]xyz||Android/FakeApp.OF|
|2022-01-19||F06603B2B589D7F82D107AB8B566D889||568546D9B5D4EA2FBDE53C95A76B26E8655D5BC5||CAAD41986C5D74F8F923D258D82796632D069C5569503BFB16E7B036945F5290||jax.wall.alternate.bnc||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||jaxxwalletinc[.]dwell||Android/FakeApp.OA|
|2022-01-19||F4BEACADF06B09FD4367F17D3A0D8E22||97E13DBD320EE09B5934A3B4D5A7FF23BA11E81C||A99AA5412EA12CB7C2C1E21C1896F38108D7F6E24C9FDD7D04498592CF804369||jaxx.libertycryptowallet.ltd||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||jabirs-xso-xxx-wallet[.]com||Android/FakeApp.OD|
|2022-01-12||295E7E67B025269898E462A92B597111||75F447226C8322AE55D93E4BCF23723C2EAB30E3||2816B84774235DFE2FBFCC2AF5B2A9BE3AB3A218FA1C58A8A21E7973E640EB85||internet.jxxwalltpro.app||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||jaxx.podzone[.]org||Android/FakeApp.NW|
|2022-01-12||6D9CF48DD899C90BA7D495DDF7A04C88||3C1EF2ED77DB8EFA46C50D781EF2283567AFC96F||DB9E9CF514E9F4F6B50937F49863379E23FE55B430FFB0DB068AE8ED2CA0EEE8||pockets.cryptojx.retailer||Faux Jaxx Liberty pockets.||saaditrezxie[.]retailer||Android/FakeApp.NU|
|185.244.150[.]159||Dynadot||token2[.]membership Distribution web site|
|3.33.236[.]231||GoDaddy||2022-01-27 16:55:51||imtoken[.]porn Distribution web site|
|172.67.210[.]44||广州云 讯 信息科技有限公司||2022-01-24 12:53:46||imtken[.]cn Distribution web site|
|172.67.207[.]186||GoDaddy||2021-12-01 17:57:00||im-token[.]one Distribution web site|
|47.243.75[.]229||GoDaddy||2021-12-09 11:22:03||imtokenep[.]com Distribution web site|
|154.82.111[.]186||GoDaddy||2022-01-24 11:43:46||imttoken[.]org Distribution web site|
|104.21.89[.]154||GoDaddy||2022-01-24 11:26:23||imtokens[.]cash Distribution web site|
|104.21.23[.]48||N/A||2022-01-06 12:24:28||mtokens[.]im Distribution web site|
|162.0.209[.]104||Namecheap||2020-10-02 11:14:06||tokenweb[.]on-line Distribution web site|
|156.226.173[.]11||GoDaddy||2022-01-27 17:04:42||metamask-wallet[.]xyz Distribution web site|
|103.122.95[.]35||GoDaddy||2022-01-24 11:04:56||metemas[.]me Distribution web site|
|104.21.34[.]145||GoDaddy||2021-11-12 20:41:32||metamasks[.]me Distribution web site|
|8.212.40[.]178||TopNets Expertise||2021-05-31 08:29:39||metamask[.]hk Distribution web site|
|45.116.163[.]65||Xin Web Expertise||2021-10-18 16:24:49||metamaskey[.]com Distribution web site|
|172.67.180[.]104||NameSilo||2021-10-01 13:26:26||2022mask[.]com Distribution web site|
|69.160.170[.]165||Hefei Juming Community Expertise||2022-01-13 12:25:38||metamadk[.]com Distribution web site|
|104.21.36[.]169||NameSilo||2021-11-28 03:54:13||metemasks[.]dwell Distribution web site|
|45.116.163[.]65||阿里云 计 算有限公司（万网）||2021-12-10 15:39:07||bitpiecn.com[.]cn Distribution web site|
|45.116.163[.]65||Xin Web Expertise||2021-11-06 13:25:43||tokenp0cket[.]com Distribution web site|
|104.21.24[.]64||NameSilo||2021-11-14 07:29:44||im-tokens[.]data Distribution web site|
|104.21.70[.]114||NameSilo||2021-12-30 13:39:22||tokenpockets[.]buzz Distribution web site|
|172.67.201[.]47||NameSilo||2022-02-06 03:47:17||bitepie[.]membership Distribution web site|
|104.21.30[.]224||NameSilo||2021-11-22 08:20:59||onekeys[.]dev Distribution web site|
|206.119.82[.]147||Gname||2021-12-23 21:41:40||metamaskio[.]vip Distribution web site|
|45.116.163[.]65||Xin Web Expertise||2021-12-10 15:33:41||zh-imtoken[.]com Distribution web site|
|47.243.117[.]119||广州云 讯 信息科技有限公司||2021-10-18 11:36:07||bitoken.com[.]cn Distribution web site|
|104.21.20[.]159||NameSilo||2021-11-19 16:39:52||lmtokenn[.]cc Distribution web site|
|104.21.61[.]17||NameSilo||2021-12-30 12:33:04||lntokems[.]membership Distribution web site|
|104.21.26[.]245||NameSilo||2021-11-26 18:39:27||matemasks[.]date Distribution web site|
|172.67.159[.]121||NameSilo||2022-02-06 03:48:54||bitpio[.]com Distribution web site|
|172.67.171[.]168||NameSilo||2022-02-06 03:50:25||onekeys[.]mobi Distribution web site|
|172.67.133[.]7||NameSilo||2021-12-28 06:57:00||tokenpockets[.]org Distribution web site|
|216.83.46[.]49||Dynadot||2022-01-17 17:22:40||app-coinbase[.]co Distribution web site|
|172.67.182[.]118||Gandi SAS||2022-02-13 00:46:46||imtoken[.]sx Distribution web site|
|104.21.34[.]81||N/A||2022-01-20 18:24:30||imtoken.internet[.]im Distribution web site|
|104.21.87[.]75||Nets To||imtoken.cn[.]com Distribution web site|
|104.21.11[.]70||NETMASTER SARL||imtoken[.]tg Distribution web site|
|184.108.40.206||NameSilo||2022-02-06 03:52:06||replace.imdt[.]cc C&C|
|97.74.83[.]237||GoDaddy||2022-01-27 18:44:33||imbbq[.]co C&C|
|172.67.189[.]148||GoDaddy||2022-01-27 16:07:53||ds-super-admin.imtokens[.]cash C&C|
|156.226.173[.]11||GoDaddy||2022-01-19 14:59:48||imtokenss.token-app[.]cc C&C|
|45.154.213[.]11||Alibaba Cloud Computing||2021-12-31 21:48:56||xdhbj[.]com C&C|
|47.242.200[.]140||Alibaba Cloud Computing||2021-05-28 11:42:54||replace.xzxqsf[.]com C&C|
|45.155.43[.]118||NameSilo||2021-09-24 10:03:29||metamask.tptokenm[.]dwell C&C|
|172.67.223[.]58||GoDaddy||2022-01-19 22:51:08||two.shayu[.]la C&C|
|45.154.213[.]18||Xin Web Expertise||2018-08-03 23:00:00||jdzpfw[.]com C&C|
|104.21.86[.]197||NameSilo||2022-02-06 03:48:48||bp.tkdt[.]cc C&C|
|104.21.86[.]197||NameSilo||2022-02-06 04:04:29||okay.tkdt[.]cc C&C|
|172.67.136[.]90||NameSilo||2022-02-03 02:00:42||mm.tkdt[.]cc C&C|
|8.210.235[.]71||Dynadot||2021-07-16 13:25:06||token-lon[.]me C&C|
|172.67.182[.]118||Gandi SAS||2022-02-13 00:51:18||bh.imtoken[.]sx C&C|
|172.67.142[.]90||Nets To||ht.imtoken.cn[.]com C&C|
|220.127.116.11||Identify.com||2022-02-13 00:59:59||api.tipi21341[.]com C&C|
|89.223.124[.]75||Namecheap||2022-01-18 11:34:56||ariodjs[.]xyz C&C|
|199.36.158[.]100||MarkMonitor||2022-02-03 02:22:17||walletappforbit.net[.]app C&C|
|195.161.62[.]125||REGRU-SU||2019-08-04 23:00:00||jaxx[.]su C&C|
|111.90.156[.]9||REGRU-SU||2021-09-29 03:12:49||jaxx[.]tf C&C|
|111.90.145[.]75||Internet hosting Ideas B.V. d/b/a||2018-09-11 23:00:00||master-consultas[.]com C&C|
|104.219.248[.]112||Namecheap||2022-01-19 23:03:52||jaxxwalletinc[.]dwell C&C|
|50.87.228[.]40||FastDomain||2021-09-09 21:15:10||jabirs-xso-xxx-wallet[.]com C&C|
|88.80.187[.]8||Tucows Domains||2022-01-06 03:52:05||jaxx.podzone[.]org C&C|
|192.64.118[.]16||Namecheap||2022-01-07 16:09:06||saaditrezxie[.]retailer C&C|
MITRE ATT&CK strategies
Notice: This desk was constructed utilizing version 10 of the ATT&CK framework.
|Preliminary Entry||T1444||Masquerade as Authentic Software||Faux web site supplies trojanized Android and/or iOS apps for obtain.|
|T1478||Set up Insecure or Malicious Configuration||Faux web site supplies a obtain of a malicious configuration profile for iOS.|
|T1475||Ship Malicious App by way of Licensed App Retailer||Faux cryptocurrency pockets apps had been distributed by way of Google Play.|
|Credential Entry||T1417||Enter Seize||Trojanized pockets apps intercept seed phrases throughout preliminary pockets creation. Faux Jaxx apps request seed phrase beneath the guise of connecting to the sufferer’s Jaxx account.|
|Exfiltration||T1437||Customary Software Layer Protocol||Malicious code exfiltrates restoration seed phrase over customary HTTP or HTTPS protocols.|